Medical News

  • CDC updates Zika guidance for infant care
    (HealthDay)—The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for infants with possible congenital Zika virus infection, according to a report published online Oct. 19 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Read more »
  • Patients perceived as more attractive after rhinoplasty
    (HealthDay)—Patients after rhinoplasty are perceived as more attractive, more successful, and healthier overall, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery. Read more »
  • Melanoma staging undergoes evidence-based revision
    (HealthDay)—The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) melanoma staging system has been revised, according to a report published online Oct. 13 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. Read more »
  • Cryotherapy may prevent chemo-induced neuropathy
    (HealthDay)—Cryotherapy may be useful for preventing symptoms of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), according to a study published online Oct. 12 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Read more »
  • The skinny on lipid immunology
    Phospholipids - fat molecules that form the membranes found around cells - make up almost half of the dry weight of cells, but when it comes to autoimmune diseases, their role has largely been overlooked. Recent research has pointed to a role for them in numerous diseases, including psoriasis, contact hypersensitivities and allergies. In a new study published in Science Immunology, researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital and Monash University in Australia reveal new insights into the basis for T cell receptor (TCR) autoreactivity to self-phospholipids, with implications for autoimmune diseases. Read more »
  • Oncogenic oral HPV DNA detected in 3.5 percent of adults
    (HealthDay)—Men have a higher prevalence of oncogenic oral human papillomavirus (HPV) than women, and prevalence increases with the number of lifetime oral sexual partners and tobacco use, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in the Annals of Oncology. Read more »
  • High percentage of HIV-diagnosed women not in care
    (HealthDay)—A high percentage of women receiving a new HIV diagnosis have already received this diagnosis in the past but are not undergoing HIV medical care, according to a study published online Oct. 19 in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Read more »
  • In Norway, risk of SCC after organ transplant has fallen
    (HealthDay)—For organ recipients in Norway, the risk of skin cancer, particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), has decreased since the mid-1980s, according to a study published online Oct. 18 in JAMA Dermatology. Read more »
  • Drug OD rate now higher in rural U.S. than cities: CDC
    (HealthDay)—Drug overdose death rates in rural areas of the United States are now higher than in cities, a trend that worries federal health officials. Read more »
  • Can adults develop ADHD? New research says probably not
    Adults likely do not develop ADHD, according to new research by FIU clinical psychologist Margaret Sibley. Read more »
  • Pneumonia vaccine under development provides 'most comprehensive coverage' to date, alleviates antimicrobial concerns
    In 2004, pneumonia killed more than 2 million children worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. By 2015, the number was less than 1 million. Read more »
  • Personal omics data informative for precision health and preventive care
    Multi-omics profiling, the measurement and analysis of a person's genome along with other biomolecular traits, is an important step toward personal health management that provides valuable, actionable information, according to findings presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2017 Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla. Read more »
  • Exercising with asthma or allergies
    (HealthDay)—Allergies and asthma can make exercise more challenging. But if your condition is well managed and you take a few precautions, you should be able to work out without worry. Read more »
  • Can aspirin stop liver cancer in hepatitis B patients?
    (HealthDay)—Daily aspirin may reduce the risk of liver cancer for people with hepatitis B infection, a new study suggests. Read more »
  • Fewer stillbirths at East African hospital following introduction of childbirth guidelines
    In collaboration with the health staff at Zanzibar's main hospital, Danish researchers have developed and introduced a short guide on childbirth care. The booklet seems to have had a significant effect, according to new research from the University of Copenhagen. After the guidelines were introduced, the number of stillbirths at the hospital fell by 33 per cent. The study reveals an opportunity to customise clinical guidelines more effectively to low-income countries, according to the researchers. Read more »
  • Researchers use novel imaging to predict spinal degeneration
    Research by a Barrow Neurological Institute neurosurgery team on novel imaging technique assessment of patients with lumbar spine degeneration was published in the Aug. 28 issue of PLOS ONE. Read more »
  • How obesity promotes breast cancer
    Obesity leads to the release of cytokines into the bloodstream which impact the metabolism of breast cancer cells, making them more aggressive as a result. Scientists from Helmholtz Zentrum München, Technische Universität München (TUM), and Heidelberg University Hospital report on this in Cell Metabolism. The team has already been able to halt this mechanism with an antibody treatment. Read more »
  • RANKL expressed by osteocytes has an important role in orthodontic tooth movement
    During orthodontic tooth movement, osteoclastic bone resorption is essential for alveolar bone remodeling. It is well known that the differentiation of osteoclasts is regulated by RANKL. However, the source of RANKL in the periodontal tissue during orthodontic tooth movement was not identified. Read more »
  • FDA-approved clinical trial tests stem cells to heal wounds
    Sanford Health is launching its second adipose-derived stem cell clinical trial - this one to focus on non-healing leg wounds. Read more »
  • Audit uncovers concerns about the use of electroconvulsive therapy in England
    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) continues to be used in England without comprehensive national auditing. In a new Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice study, experts recommend that national audits of ECT be reinstated, and they call for an investigation into why ECT is still excessively administered to older people and women. Read more »
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